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  • مجلس النواب ينهي إقرار القوانين المدرجة لجدول أعمال الدورة الاستثنائية، بإقرار قانون التقاعد المدني.
  • انتهاء مهلة المئة يوم على تشكيل حكومة عمر الرزاز، الذي أكد التزامها بتنفيذ كافة تعهداتها التي أطلقتها في بيانها الوزاري.
  • كتلة الإصلاح النيابية، تطالب الحكومة بسحب مشروع قانون ضريبة الدخل، الذي اعتبرته استمرارا لسياسة الجباية الحكومية من جيوب المواطنين.
  • موظفون في المحاكم الشرعية ينفذون إضرابا عن العمل، للمطالبة بعلاوات وحوافز.
  • إعلان قبول أكثر من سبعة وثلاثين ألف طالب وطالبة ضمن قائمة الموحد في الجامعات الرسمية.
  • وزير الداخلية يوعز بتوقيف القائمين على حفل مطعم التلال السبعة
  • وأخيرا.. تكون الأجواء نهار اليوم معتدلة في المرتفعات الجبلية والسهول، وحارة نسبياً في باقي مناطق المملكة.
Discrimination even in while providing benefits to Jordanian women
Daoud Kuttab
2015/01/10

It is customary in matters of media laws that international standards prefer as few media laws as possible. The absence of licensing laws so long as the publisher declares the address of the publication to allow those who want to connect or sue the newspaper to know where to go are preferred to complicated and a restrictive press and publication law.

 

The same principle applies to the rights of the children of Jordanian women. Current practice includes discrimination between women and men in terms of who can give citizenship to their children. Legal scholars believe that this practice is in fact a violation of Jordanian constitution and citizenship law. Legal expert Hadeel Abdel Aziz says that Jordanian citizenship law says that the children of a Jordanian are Jordanian irrespective of where they are born. A Jordanian is defined as anyone who has received citizenship by law.

 

Jordan’s 1953 citizenship law clause 9, state that the children of a Jordanian are Jordanians wherever they are born. Clause 1 which defined the rights is void any discrimination between Jordanians. The same equality is guaranteed in the sixth clause of Jordan’s constitution which says Jordanians are equal in front of the law and that there is no discrimination between them. The government doesn’t accept and applies a practice that allows Jordanian men to pass citizenship to their children, but deny the same right to Jordanian women. Normally these disagreements are resolved in a constitutional court. Bu this is not possible because the amended constitution in Jordan only allow cases to be brought the court through a decision by parliament, the government or the judiciary. No citizen even a member of parliament can seek advice or recourse from the Constitutional Court.

 

With the inability of the constitutional court to address this issue, citizens are at the mercy of the government which refuses to give citizenship to the children of a Jordanian woman and instead  have been forced to provide a number of benefits due to the pressure from the women and civil society. But this government effort has not been gone over very well. Distortions and discriminations have continued even as part of the so called benefits bestowed on children of Jordanian women.

 

In order to receive these benefits, Jordanian woman, for example, need to prove that they have been a resident in Jordan continuously for five years (with less than six month breaks allowed). In this respect Jordanian women have discovered a built in bias because of the fact that there is no requirement for a visa for some Arab countries like Yemen, Syria, GCC countries and Iraq while others require a visa and therefore must document the presence of the Jordanian mother. Instead of proof of residency these women need to provide a security permit. This policy has meant that children of Jordanian women married to a Palestinians from Gaza will continue to be unable to own any property.

 

Another discriminatory policy has been the decision announced by the director of passports in which he said that married daughters to Jordanian women will not qualify for any of these benefits while married sons will benefit because of their gender.

 

This continuation of discrimination even in the process of attempting to address the existing discrimination against Jordanian women married to non Jordanian has shown again the mistake in partially dealing with the rights of Jordanians rather than insist on equality which has been the main goal of the struggle against the overall discriminatory policy against Jordanian women.

 

There is no doubt that the issue of who the government gives citizenship to is a sovereign issue. This right must be regulated in a fair and transparent way.  The continuation of discrimination even in the process of providing some benefits to children of Jordanian women point out to the need for redoubling the effort for total equality between genders.

 

Demanding equality and transparency is a basic ingredient of any modern society. Legislatures and governments working to guarantee the rights of society can’t do so without providing the rights of the children of the men and women of society

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